Veterinary Anaesthesia


Societies and Colleges

The American College of Veterinary Anesthesiologists site has information concerning the history, constitution and objectives of the organization, certification requirements for the speciality of veterinary anesthesiology and a list of officers and Diplomates. Images for discussions on ACVA-L, the veterinary anesthesia discussion list, are temporarily displayed here.

The Association of Veterinary Anaesthetists and European College of Veterinary Anaesthesia are complementary organizations. The AVA organizes scientific meetings, supports education and addresses political issues related to veterinary anesthesia. The ECVA is responsible for implementing standards for board certification in veterinary anesthesiology.

The site for the Veterinary Emergency Critical Care Society also hosts sites for the American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, the Academy of Veterinary Emergency & Critical Care Technicians, and the Student Chapter of VECCS.

The European Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society was founded in 2002. The purpose of the Society is to promote the advancement of knowledge and high standards of practice in veterinary emergency and critical care patient in Europe. The EVECCS pages can be displayed in Dutch, English, German, Italian, Portugese and Spanish, and the site has links to Web sites of European veterinary specialist colleges.

The Academy of Veterinary Technician Anesthetists provides certification of veterinary technicians as Veterinary Technician Specialist-Anesthesia.

Founded in 2003 , the International Veterinary Academy of Pain Management is a multi-disciplinary organization promoting humane investigation of animal pain, and advancement in clinical assessment and treatment of pain in animals through research, advocacy, training and education.


Some infomation about veterinary scientific meetings and courses may be found here:

  • Veterinary anesthesia meetings
  • Veterinary meetings, courses

Instructional Materials

The College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, undergraduate anesthesia manual.

Michigan State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital anesthesia teaching materials

A description of breathing circuits and an explanation of the use of different flow rates in systems is available from Alan Klide at the School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania.

Veterinary anesthesia images and Rat Pain Assessment CD-ROMs, produced by Paul Flecknell.

International Veterinary Informational Services (IVIS) requires registration for access. The following online texts are in preparation:

  • Recent Advances in Anesthetic Management of Large Domestic Animals – Steffey (ed.)
  • Recent Advances in Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia: Companion Animals – Gleed & Ludders (eds.)
  • Zoological Restraint and Anesthesia – D. Heard (ed.)

Position Papers and Guidelines

The ACVA site includes these position papers:

  • Treatment of pain in animals
  • Suggestions for Monitoring Anesthetized Patients
  • Commentary and recommendations on control of waste anesthetic gases in the workplace.
  • Guidelines for Anesthesia in Horses

The 2007 AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia provides guidelines for humane killing of animals.

Veterinary Anesthesia Department Web Sites

United States:

  • University of California, Davis, School of Veterinary Medicine
  • Michigan State University College of Veterinary Medicine
  • North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine
  • University of Florida School of Veterinary Medicine
  • University of Missouri School of Veterinary Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, Large Animal Anesthesia, New Bolton Center
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, Small Animal Anesthesiology, Philadelphia
  • Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine

United Kingdom:

  • University of London Royal Veterinary College’s Queen Mother Hospital


  • Murdoch University School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences

Clinical Veterinary Anesthesia Sites

Veterinary Anesthesia Support Group is maintained by veterinary practitioners who have above average anesthetic programs in their practices. Site serves as an information resource to assist folks interested in advancing the quality of anesthesia in small animal practice.

Animal Welfare

  • Animal Welfare Information Center
  • Scientists Center for Animal Welfare
  • American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners
  • Lab Animal
  • NIH Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare
  • ILAR Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals
  • Guidelines for the Care and Use of Mammals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research
  • National Wildlife Health Center (Biological Resources Division of US Geological Survey, US Dept of the Interior)
  • Laboratory Animals (the international journal of laboratory animal science & welfare)
  • 1996 Anesthesiology editorial: Use of Neuromuscular Blocking Drugs in Scientific Investigations Involving Animal Subjects.
  • The Laboratory Animal Welfare Training Exchange (LAWTE) is an organization of trainers, training coordinators and IACUC administrators, which promotes sharing of training methods and materials to advance the quality of laboratory animal care and use. The LAWTE site includes links to useful resources, including many institutional animal care and use training programs.
  • is a comprehensive resource of online information for institutional animal care and use committees.

Occupational Health and Safety

US Department of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration’s (OSHA) Anesthetic Gases: Guidelines For Workplace Exposures.

American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Task Force on Trace Anesthetic Gases document Waste Anesthetic Gases: Information for Management in Anesthetizing Areas and in the Postanesthesia Care Unit (PACU).

Equipment Related Sites

Anaesthesia Equipment

Sites related to sales/service of anesthetic equipment used in animals (don’t forget to check also the Equipment chapter). Please note that this list is not comprehensive and that inclusion on the list does not signify our endorsement of a business:

  • Advanced Anaesthesia Specialists
  • Anesthesia Service and Equipment Inc
  • Dispomed, Inc
  • D.R.E., Inc.
  • Hallowell Engineering and Manufacturing Corp.
  • JD Medical Distributing Co, Inc
  • Mallard Medical, Inc.
  • MDS Matrx
  • Nonin Medical, Inc
  • Summit Anesthesia Solutions
  • SurgiVet
  • Universal Hospital Services
  • VetEquip, Inc.
  • Burtons of Maidstone Ltd (UK)
  • Wolfe Tory Medical Products mucosal atomization devices
  • Anesthesia Medical Specialties manufactures long laryngoscope blades for veterinary use

Anesthetic Recovery

Recovery Slings

  • Anderson Equine Sling and UC Davis Large Animal Lift

Pharmacy Related Sites

  • Scaled drug calculators for animals
  • FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) homepage.
  • FDA CVM Adverse Drug Experience site. It has links to the ADE report database (annual & cummulative), downloadable form for reporting ADE, and instructions on how to report ADEs.
  • Animal Medicinal Drug Use Clarification Act of 1994 (AMDUCA)
  • Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank (FARAD)
  • American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) Drug Product Shortages Management Resource Center. In my experience, the drug shortage info on this site is updated more frequently than is the FDA’s drug shortage site.
  • FDA drug shortages site


Veterinary Anesthesia-related Journals:

  • Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
  • Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
  • Veterinary Surgery (issues of Veterinary Anesthesia published in this journal prior to 2001)

Links to other anesthesia journal and publisher web sites can be found in the Medical Information Resources chapter.

Other publishers:

  • Academic Press
  • Blackwell Science has a veterinary section
  • Churchill Livingstone
  • Harcourt International Veterinary
  • Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
  • Elsevier has a veterinary section
  • National Academy Press
  • Springer
  • WB Saunders Company
  • Anesthesiology Clinics of North America
  • Veterinary Journals


Wildlife and Exotic Animal Anesthesia

  • John’s Excellent Elephant Anaesthesia Adventure


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